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how to adjust commercial door closer

Adjusting Commercial Door Closer: A Comprehensive Guide for Proper Installation and Adjustment

How to Adjust Commercial Door Closer?

A properly functioning commercial door closer is essential for the smooth operation and safety of any commercial building. It ensures that doors close properly, maintaining energy efficiency and providing security. In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss the importance of adjusting commercial door closer and provide step-by-step instructions on how to install and adjust it for optimal performance.

Understanding Commercial Door Closers

A commercial door closer is a mechanical device designed to automatically close a door after it has been opened. It plays a crucial role in commercial buildings by providing controlled closing and latching of doors. There are various types of commercial door closers available in the market, including overhead closers, surface-mounted closers, and concealed closers. It is important to choose the right door closer based on factors such as door size, weight, and traffic volume to ensure its effectiveness.

Read in-depth guide about Door Closer Types!

Commercial Door Closer Installation

Pre-installation Steps

  1. Assessing the Door and Frame

Before commercial door closer installation, it is important to inspect the door and frame for any damages or misalignments. Any issues with the door or frame can affect the functionality of the door closer. Ensure that the door is properly aligned, and the frame is in good condition.

  1. Gathering Tools and Materials

To install a commercial door closer, you will need the following tools and materials:

  • Measuring tape
  • Screwdriver
  • Drill
  • Mounting brackets
  • Screws

Having these tools ready before starting the installation process will make it smoother and more efficient.

Installation Steps

  1. Positioning the Door Closer

Place the door closer on the door and frame in the correct position. The closer should be centered and aligned with the door and frame to ensure optimal performance. Take into consideration the manufacturer's instructions for the specific model you are installing.

  1. Mounting the Door Closer

Securely mount the door closer by drilling pilot holes, attaching mounting brackets, and tightening screws. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for the specific door closer model to ensure proper installation. Make sure the door closer is securely attached to the door and frame.

commercial door closer

Adjusting Commercial Door Closer

Commercial Door Closer Parts

To understand how to adjust commercial door closer, it's important to familiarize yourself with commercial door closer parts:

  1. Arm and Arm Shoe: The arm is the metal rod that connects the door to the door frame. The arm shoe is the bracket that holds the arm in place.

  2. Closing and Latching Speed Valves: These valves control the speed at which the door closes and latches.

  3. Backcheck Valve: The backcheck valve controls the resistance when the door is opened forcefully, preventing damage to the door and frame.

  4. Delayed Action Valve: This valve controls the delay in closing the door, allowing for extra time for people to pass through.

  5. Spring Tension Adjustment: The spring tension adjustment determines the force required to open the door.Door stopers are also used for such purpose.

Discover about Overhead Door Stop!

Troubleshooting Common Issues

  1. Commercial Door Closer Not Closing All the Way

If commercial door closer not closing all the way, there may be several causes. Misalignment or incorrect spring tension could be the reason. To resolve this issue, follow these steps:

  • Check for any obstructions or misalignments in the door closer's arm and arm shoe.
  • Adjust the spring tension by turning the adjustment screw as per the manufacturer's instructions.
  • Test the door closer after each adjustment to ensure the desired closing action is achieved.

Commercial Door Closer Adjustment

  1. Closing and Latching Speed Adjustment

To adjust the closing and latching speed of the door closer, follow these steps:

  • Locate the closing and latching speed valves on the door closer.
  • Turn the valves clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the speed, respectively.
  • Test the door closer after each adjustment to ensure the desired closing and latching action is achieved.
  1. Backcheck Adjustment

To adjust the backcheck valve, follow these steps:

  • Locate the backcheck valve on the door closer.
  • Turn the valve clockwise or counterclockwise to increase or decrease the resistance, respectively.
  • Test the door closer after each adjustment to ensure the desired backcheck action is achieved.
  1. Delayed Action Adjustment

To adjust the delayed action valve, follow these steps:

  • Locate the delayed action valve on the door closer.
  • Adjust the valve according to the specific requirements, allowing for the desired delay in closing.
  • Test the door closer after each adjustment to ensure the desired delayed action is achieved.

Read a comprehensive guide about Adjusting Door Closer!

commercial door closer adjustment

About Trillium Now

Trillium Now is a part of Trillium Facility Solutions based out of our national support center in Michigan.Trillium Now is a premier hardware store that prides itself on providing top-notch products and exceptional services to customers. Our store is well-stocked with a wide range of high-quality hardware items, making us a one-stop destination for all your home improvement needs. Whether you're a DIY enthusiast or a professional contractor, we have everything you require to complete your projects successfully. From power tools and plumbing supplies , our extensive product selection caters to diverse requirements. Our knowledgeable and friendly staff members are always ready to assist you in finding the right products and offer expert advice. At Trillium Now, we prioritize customer satisfaction and strive to deliver exceptional service, ensuring that your experience with us is enjoyable and productive.

Conclusion

A properly adjusted commercial door closer is important for the safety, energy efficiency, and smooth operation of commercial buildings. By understanding the different types of commercial door closers, following the correct installation steps, and knowing how to adjust commercial door closer for optimal performance, you can ensure a well-functioning and safe environment. Remember to consult a professional if you encounter complex issues or are unsure about any steps in the process.

FAQs

Q: Can I install a commercial door closer on my own?

    A: Yes, you can install a commercial door closer on your own if you have the necessary tools and follow the provided instructions. However, if you are unsure or face complex issues during the installation process, it is recommended to consult a professional.

    Q: How often should I adjust commercial door closer?

      A: It is a good practice to periodically check and adjust commercial door closer, especially if you notice any issues with its performance. Regular maintenance and adjustment can help ensure its optimal functionality.

      Q: What should I do if my commercial door closer is leaking oil?

        A: If your commercial door closer is leaking oil, it is a sign of internal damage. In such cases, it is best to replace the door closer with a new one to ensure proper functionality and safety.

        Q: Can I adjust the spring tension of a commercial door closer myself?

          A: Yes, you can adjust the spring tension of a commercial door closer yourself. However, it is important to follow the manufacturer's instructions and make cautious adjustments to avoid damaging the door closer.

          Q: Is it necessary to adjust the backcheck valve of a commercial door closer?

            A: Adjusting the backcheck valve of a commercial door closer is not always necessary. It depends on the specific requirements and the type of door and frame. However, the backcheck feature can help prevent damage to the door and frame, especially in high-traffic areas.

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